When was Ireland colonized by the British?

1169-1171 Norman invasion of Ireland (in several stages)
1200-50 British colonizing. English colonists were sent to colonize Ireland. 1494 The English crown officially claimed Ireland as part of England.

Thereof, when did the Republic of Ireland gain its independence?

December 29, 1937

What year did Ireland leave the UK?

Northern Ireland exercised its right under the treaty to leave the new Dominion and rejoined the United Kingdom on 8 December 1922. It did so by making an address to the King requesting, "that the powers of the Parliament and Government of the Irish Free State shall no longer extend to Northern Ireland."

When did Republic of Ireland leave the UK?

1949 - On Easter Monday, the anniversary of the 1916 uprising, Eire becomes the Republic of Ireland. Ireland leaves the British Commonwealth. 1955 - Ireland joins the United Nations. It declines to join NATO because Northern Ireland is part of United Kingdom.

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