What is the action of a corticosteroid?

Corticosteroids are classified as either: glucocorticoids (anti-inflammatory) which suppress inflammation and immunity and assist in the breakdown of fats, carbohydrates, and proteins, or as. mineralocorticoids (salt retaining) that regulate the balance of salt and water in the body.

Keeping this in consideration, what are the side effects of corticosteroids?

Side effects of oral corticosteroids used on a long-term basis (longer than three months) include:

  • osteoporosis (fragile bones),
  • hypertension (high blood pressure),
  • diabetes,
  • weight gain,
  • increased vulnerability to infection,
  • cataracts and glaucoma (eye disorders),
  • thinning of the skin,
  • bruising easily, and.

What are corticosteroids and what are they used for?

Corticosteroid drugs are used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, asthma, allergies and many other conditions. They also treat Addison's disease, a condition where the adrenal glands aren't able to produce even the minimum amount of corticosteroid that the body needs.

What is a corticosteroid hormone for?

Corticosteroids are a class of drugs based on hormones formed in the adrenal gland or derived synthetically. They are created from cholesterol and divided into two major groups: glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids. The secretion of these hormones increases during stress related to anxiety and severe injury.

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