A pyroclastic flow (also known as a pyroclastic density current or a pyroclastic cloud) is a fast-moving current of hot gas and volcanic matter (collectively known as tephra) that moves away from a volcano reaching speeds of up to 700 km/h (430 mph). The gases can reach temperatures of about 1,000 °C (1,830 °F).
How far can pyroclastic flows travel on water?
Pyroclastic Flows – can travel large distances from a volcano, typically about 10 – 15 km, but sometimes up to 100 km. Soufrière Type – the eruption column can no longer be sustained (due to loss of pressure), so the column collapses forming pyroclastic flows on the flanks of the volcano (St Vincent, 1902).
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