What are the three main types of carbohydrates?

Among the compounds that belong to this family are cellulose, starch, glycogen, and most sugars. There are three classes of carbohydrates: monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides. The monosaccharides are white, crystalline solids that contain a single aldehyde or ketone functional group.

Subsequently, one may also ask, what is the simplest form of a carbohydrate called?

Carbohydrates

  • Carbohydrates (also called saccharides) are molecular compounds made from just three elements: carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
  • Monosaccharides are the simplest carbohydrates and are often called single sugars.

What is the simplest unit of a carbohydrate?

A carbohydrate with one unit of sugar is called a simple sugar or a monosaccharide (mono = one; saccharide = sugar). Fructose (fruit sugar) is a monosaccharide, and so are glucose (blood sugar), the sugar produced when you digest carbohydrates, and galactose, the sugar derived from digesting lactose (milk sugar).

What is the simplest form of a protein?

The simplest of the amino acids, glycine, has just H as an R-group. Amino acids are the structural elements from which proteins are built. When amino acids bond to each other, it is done in the form of an amide , making a connection which is called a peptide linkage.

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