The lowlands of Central America are defined by two major geographical features. First is the Yucatán Peninsula, a tropical region jutting into the ocean that separates the Gulf of Mexico from the Caribbean Sea.
So, what are the main physical features of South America?
Outside the Andes, South America has two principal highland areas: the Brazilian Highlands and the Guiana Highlands. Located south of the Amazon River in Brazil, the Brazilian Highlands are made up of low mountains and plateaus that rise to an average elevation of 1,006 meters (3,300 feet).
What is the climate in Latin America?
The climate of Latin America ranges from the hot and humid Amazon River basin to the dry and desert-like conditions of northern Mexico and southern Chile. Rain forest, desert, and savanna are all found in the region. The vegetation varies from rain forests to grasslands and desert scrub.
What is the most spoken language in Latin America?
Portuguese is the majority language of South America, by a small margin. Spanish, with slightly fewer speakers than Portuguese, is the second most spoken language on the continent. Other official and majority languages in specific countries are: Dutch in Suriname.
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