A player who commits five personal fouls over the course of a 40-minute game, or six in a 48-minute game, fouls out and is disqualified for the remainder of the game. A player within one or two fouls of fouling out is in "foul trouble."
What is a blocking foul?
A rule of thumb is that if the defender sets their feet prior to absorbing contact from the offensive player, a charge will be called. If the defender has not set their feet by the time contact occurs, a blocking foul will be called on the defensive player.
How many fouls does it take to get into the bonus?
When a team has more than seven fouls, one and one free throws are awarded for every common foul thereafter. Once the team reaches 10 fouls, two free throws are awarded for every common foul thereafter. The bonus returns to zero at the start of the second half.
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