There are a number of ways to produce hydrogen:
- Natural Gas Reforming/Gasification: Synthesis gas, a mixture of hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and a small amount of carbon dioxide, is created by reacting natural gas with high-temperature steam.
- Electrolysis: An electric current splits water into hydrogen and oxygen.
Consequently, how hydrogen is used as fuel?
NASA has used liquid hydrogen since the 1970s to propel the space shuttle and other rockets into orbit. Hydrogen fuel cells power the shuttle's electrical systems, producing a clean byproduct - pure water, which the crew drinks. A fuel cell combines hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity, heat, and water.
How hydrogen gas is produced?
Today, 95% of hydrogen is produced either from wood or from fossil fuels, such as natural gas and oil. The most common hydrogen production process is natural gas reforming — sometimes called steam methane reforming because it uses high-temperature steam.
Why is hydrogen the fuel of the future?
This is because hydrogen gas is lighter than air and rises into the atmosphere as a result. Natural hydrogen is always associated with other elements in compound form such as water, coal and petroleum. Hydrogen has the highest energy content of any common fuel by weight.
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