The master is "burned" with a laser beam that etches bumps (called pits) into its surface. A bump represents the number zero, so every time the laser burns a bump into the disc, a zero is stored there. The lack of a bump (which is a flat, unburned area on the disc, called a land) represents the number one.
Similarly one may ask, what is the size of a CD?
Standard CDs are available in two sizes. By far, the most common is 120 millimetres (4.7 in) in diameter, with a 74- or 80-minute audio capacity and a 650 or 700 MiB (737,280,000-byte) data capacity.
What are the dimensions of a CD?
How data is stored on a CD?
To store data on a CD, they need to be burned. The surface of a CD is made of a polycarbonate layer with molded spiral tracks on the top. The data are stored on the CD as a series of minute grooves which are known as 'pits' encoded on these spiral tracks. The areas between the 'pits' are known as 'lands'.
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